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/ Main / International cooperation / Twin Cities / Yokohama


Yokohama (Japan)

Political system: Constitutional monarchy. Head of the state, nominally, is an imperator, but in fact he only symbolizes the state and unity of nation. Legislative body – parliament of two houses consisted of Chamber of councils (elected for 6 years) and Chamber of representatives (elected for 4 years). Executive body belongs to the Ministry headed by prime-minister. Country is administratively divided into 43 prefectures, 3 districts (Tokyo, Osaka, Kyoto) and 1 governor district Hokkaido.
Official language: Japanese, English is also widely spread.  
Religion: Shinto (religious movement, counting 200 directions), Buddhism, Christian-minorities.
Currency: Japanese yen. Japan is one of all countries in the world with the smallest number of bank note types. In circulation there are only 3 types of denomination: 10000, 5000 and 1000, coins – 500, 100, 50, 10, 5, 1 yen.
National holiday: December 23 – Impetrator’s birthday.
Located on the shore of the Gulf of Tokyo, the largest port in Japan and the second largest city after Tokyo, Yokohama has a population of 3.3 million people.
At the end of the isolation period a number of trade ports were opened in Japan in 1859 and Yokohama started to develop rapidly, becoming the business and trade centre of the country. Today, it occupies first place in terms of foreign trade turnover among all Japanese ports and it can be considered as the gate of the Keihin industrial belt. Before the year 2000 an ambitious plan was to be implemented with the establishment of an international business centre “Minato-Mirai-21” (“Future Port 21”) on the border between the water and shore.
Population: 3,3 mln.people
Area: 437,35 km²
Officially it was opened to a world after a feudal isolation in 1859, when development of Yokohama’s port achieved its peak. Yokohama then became business and trade centre. Foreign trade turnover of the port is on the first place in the whole country.  
Yokohama is also the centre of heavy industry with steel production, oil refining and the production of car and other machinery.
Yokohama is the Japanese window onto the outside world. Many years ago it was a small fishing village but in 1859 it was chosen as a centre for international trade. This prompted a period of speedy growth and Yokohama became an industrial centre in the suburbs of Tokyo. Nowadays Yokohama is a part of a big megapolis of Japan’s capital.
City Day: April 1 (1889)
Mayor: Hiroshi Nakada. He was reelected in 2006. Next elections will take place approximately in 2010.
In 1965 Yokohama became a sister city of Odessa. Agreement on development of friendship ties between twin-cities was concluded in 1985. On behalf of Odessa it was signed by Simonenko, Chairman of the Executive Committee Council of People’s deputies, on behalf of Yokohama – Michikazu Saiko, Mayor.


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